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  Issues in Arabic Morphology : Empirical and Theoretical Perspectives
Edited by : Abdellah Chekayri et George Bohas
1998 / Issue 2


Abdellah Chekayri et Georges Bohas

Partie 1 : Morphologie et phonologie

  Abdeljebbar Amimi
Lecture critique du Sabiil de Reig (1983) : l'alternance accompli / inaccompli

Abdellah Chekayri et Tobias Scheer
La provenance apophonique des semi-voyelles dans les formes verbales en arabe classique

Petr Zemánek
The Incompatibility of Emphatics in Semitic

Georges Bohas et Jean-Michel Tarrier
Structure syllabique et jeux de langage : le cas d’un zavanais oriental

Partie 2 : Morphologie et computation

  Djemel Eddine Kouloughli
Un outil d'exploration de la morphologie nominale de l'arabe : La base de données TRICONS

Ilham Dupont Moujib
La formation des pluriels brisés issus des quinquilitères et des sextilitères en arabe

Lecture Critique du Sabiil de Reig (1983) : l'Alternance Accompli / Inaccompli
pp. 1-14


    The Arabic/French and French/Arabic dictionary Sabiil by D. Reig is a collection of errors which hide the most obvious regularities found in the Arabic language. It would therefore be necessary for professors, students, and other interested readers to draw conclusions from this study.

La Provenance Apophonique des Semi-voyelles dans les Formes Verbales en Arabe Classique
pp. 15-54


    The aim of this article is to show that glides in the verbal system of Classical Arabic are not recorded lexically. They are fully predictable. The controlling environment of the glide is the vowel between Cj and Ck (i.e. lexical vowel) for glides apprearing in Cj or Ck and the vowel between Ci and Cj for glides apprearing in Ci. The operation whereby the glide is created out of a vowel is apophonic. The glide is inserted to meet the requirement that templates be satisfied. The so-called weak verbs are all underlying biliterals.

The Incompatibility of Emphatics in Semitic
pp. 55-70


    The objective of this article is to concentrate on the changes in the incompatibility rules of the so-called emphatic consonants (pharyngealized and glottalized). The Author tries to map this development in various Semitic languages. For such a mapping, he has chosen the following five languages: Akkadian, Ugaritic, Hebrew, Sabaic and classical Arabic. Such a choice covers roughly also the chronological sequence from the third millenium BC until the first millenium AD.

Structure Syllabique et Jeux de Langage : le Cas d'un Zavanais Oriental
pp. 71-79


    The analysis of Oriental Javanais brings the authors to ask questions about two possible syllable structures: that of generative linguists (C(V)), (C(VC)) and (C(VV)) and that of Arab grammariens: mutaHarrik, saakin. It is shown that adopting the last syllable structure is preferable to describe the phenomenon taken into consideration. It is shown that we can go directly from the analysis of mutaHarrik, saakin to short (v) and long (-) vowels in Arabic metrical structure.

Un Outil d'Exploration de la Morphologie Nominale de l'Arabe : La Base de Données Tricons
pp. 81-91


    The author of this article presents and reflects on Stettler's linguitic databank, Tricons.,which consists of more than 600 KiloOctets.

La Formation des Pluriels Brisés Issus des Quinquilitères et des Sextilitères en Arabe
pp. 93-145


    The main objective of this study is to clarify the formation of sextiliteral and quintileteral broken plurals in Arabic and to draw conclusions for the organization of morphology and phonology in general. Our research has incited us to ask questions about the empirical implication of McCarthy’s treatment of broken plural which he bases only on a limited number of examples. Our analysis allows us to establish that the formation of broken plurals is not simply a matter of a mechanical association from left to right as McCarthy would let us believe. We show that other considerations such as the position of consonants, their nature, the status of the vowel in final position in some maSdars, the resort to the deep structure all must necessarily be taken into consideration. At the end of the paper, we propose a new analysis for the broken plural derivation, and show that the broken plural is not derived from the singular template as it is proposed by McCarthy and other linguists.