Language between Diversity and Discourse Analysis
Edited by : MOHA ENNAJI
2020 / Issue 44 & 45

MOHA ENNAJI
Introduction

Khalsa Al Aghbari............................................................................................1
Jibbali Plural Nouns: Evidence for Skeletal Templates

Nebia Dadoua Hadria et Belkacem Boumedini……………………….17
Exceptional Agreement Relation in Standard Arabic Indefinites Adjectival/Participle Phrases

Karima Tounsi .................................................................................................27
L’humour : une esthétique de la contestation sociale

Imane Lhadi……………………………………………………….…….37
L’enseignement du français et les médias

Jaouad Moumni...............................................................................................45
Cultural Diversity and Integration: Evidence from the UK, France, and Morocco

Moha Ennaji…................................................................................................59
Masculinity and Language: A Sociocultural Study of Proverbs about Moroccan Women

Driss Marjane ................................................................................................1A
The Language Problem in Morocco : Between Alienation and Arabization (in Arabic)

Jumana Al-Ahmad……………………………………………..……….25A
Discourse analysis of the autobiography "Al-Ayyam" by Taha Hussein (In Arabic)

Mohamed Abidar……………………………………………………….45A
The role of Images in Teaching Amazigh Language (In Arabic)

 
 
Introduction
MOHA ENNAJI

This issue on “Language between Diversity and Discourse Analysis” is varied in the sense that it covers different themes and aspects of Arabic and Amazigh, in particular with the rise of calls for a solid linguistic inquiry and language policy integrating these languages in education in the Maghreb. While modern Arabic has a great tradition in the field of teaching, the Amazigh language is a newcomer which is seeking maturity in terms of corpus and language planning. This volume is a contribution to the debate on the interface between language, diversity, and discourse analysis and on the power of language in the rationalization of this interface and in the process of democratization and human rights. Articles in this volume attempt to highlight these aspects.
 

 
 
Jibbali Plural Nouns: Evidence for Skeletal Templates
pp. 1
Khalsa Al Aghbari

Abstract

   In the first article, Khalsa Al Aghbari examines the formation of a small unproductive class of plural Jibbali nouns, which originate from biconsonantal and triconsonant bases. These nouns present templatic pressure whereby plural nouns map to a CC?C skeletal pattern with three consonantal slots and a rightmost fixed vowel ?. The study shows that this class poses a challenge to the theory of prosodic morphology because biconsonant plural nouns involve copying a final base consonant, but a syllable pattern cannot trigger copying. The article analyzes this class of plurals within the framework of optimality theory (Prince and Smolensky 1993/2004) by emphasizing the importance of the CV level in the phonological representation.
 

 
 
 
Des acquis considérables pour la langue et la culture amazighes en Algérie. Etat des lieux
pp. 17
Nebia Dadoua Hadria et Belkacem Boumedini

The article by Nebia Dadoua Hadria and Belkacem Boumedini discusses the historical and sociological evolution of the Amazigh language and cultural movement in Algeria. It shows that even though the Amazigh language and culture have never been totally sidelined since independence, the Amazigh cultural movement has nonetheless provoked linguistico-political conflicts and has clashed with the State several times. The article explains that the time has come for the Algerian State to promote the Amazigh language and cultural identity.

 
 
 
L’humour : une esthétique de la contestation sociale
pp.27 
Karima Tounsi

Karima Tounsi, in her article "Humor: An Aesthetic of Social Contestation", discusses the popular Moroccan Arabic proverb as a form of age-old wisdom. "It stands out for its constitution as a reservoir of humorous strategies encompassing both stylistic and thematic features", underlines the author. The article analyzes the humorous dimension of proverbs from an aesthetic point of view by considering aspects of subversion and substitution.
 

 
 
L’enseignement du français et les médias
pp. 37
Imane Lhadi

Imane Lhadi, in her article "The Teaching of French and the Media", discusses the status of French in Morocco with a particular emphasis on its teaching and its place in the media. It underlines the relationship between language teaching and the media. These can be used as a means of disseminating language learning content on a larger scale: videos, radio lessons, Internet lessons. In addition, they develop communicative and media skills in learners.

 
 
Cultural Diversity and Integration: Evidence from the UK, France, and Morocco
pp. 45
Jaouad Moumni

Jaouad Moumni's article: "Cultural Diversity and Integration: Evidence from the UK, France and Morocco" examines the issue of immigrants' integration. It presents models of socio-cultural integration implemented by these countries for a better integration of immigrants into the host society. Based on a qualitative approach, the study shows that France, the United Kingdom, and Morocco have developed different models of integration, which are essentially linked to their histories.

 
 
Masculinity and Language: A Sociocultural Study of Proverbs about Moroccan Women
pp. 59
Moha Ennaji

In his article, Moha Ennaji focuses on masculinity in the Arab world, more specifically the images of women in Moroccan Arabic and Berber proverbs. The article deals with orality: the heard and spoken language. It plumbs memories of feeling and events in which language itself is implicated, both in first producing and in later unlocking; proverbs are thus considered as cultural products and language use as an integral part of social ritual.

 

The Language Problem in Morocco : Between Alienation and Arabization (in Arabic)
pp. 1A
Driss Marjane

The study by Driss Marjane titled: "The Problem of Language in Morocco: Between Alienation and Arabization" deals with the controversy around language and dialect in Morocco. It aims to examine the dispute that rages from time to time between those who defend the adoption of the Moroccan dialect in all aspects of life, and those who are opposed to it and who defend classical Arabic as the official language of the State and society. This article proposes a linguistic approach which sees no fundamental difference between the two camps which both fail to define the boundaries between language and dialect and the relationship between them. The two positions are "influenced by European linguistics and colonial literature, with all its ideological references", underlines the author.

 
 
Discourse analysis of the autobiography "Al-Ayyam" by Taha Hussein (In Arabic)
pp. 25A
Jumana Al-Ahmad

Jumana Al-Ahmad's article " Discourse Analysis of the Autobiography "Al-Ayyam" by Taha Hussein: Its Importance in Establishing the Art of Autobiography that Advocates Human Rights" analyzes the discourse in this autobiographical novel by Taha Hussein (1889-1973). It examines its approach and its contribution to human rights, which lead to revealing certain aspects of the oppression and marginalization from which the Arab citizen suffers. The article postulates that this work marks the beginning of the autobiographical novel which criticizes the socio-political situation in the Arab world. This study highlights some of Taha Hussein's personality traits as a writer and human rights activist who defended the right to education, dignity and health care. The article shows some of the challenges faced by human rights activists, highlighting the attacks and censorship the writer faced during that time.

 
 
The role of Images in Teaching Amazigh Language (In Arabic)
pp. 45A
Mohamed Abidar

Mohamed Abidar's study entitled "The Role of the Image in the Teaching of the Amazigh Language" emphasizes the teaching of the Amazigh language in primary schools through the image, particularly in the textbooks: "Tifawin à tmazight" and "Abrid n umurs". The article places the image in the historical context in which it appeared and discusses the types of images and pictures used and their didactic importance in the textbooks in question. Thus, while the process of language analysis and planning is largely a technical one, policy makers should give way to academics to devise plans and strategies for a successful teaching of Arabic and Amazigh languages and literatures. Any interference to impede progress not only damages the educational process, but also harms the nation’s heritage, identity, and culture.